Stone Sentinels, battlefield monuments of the American Civil War


Battle of Hupp's Hill
or Stickley's Farm

The Virginia Civil War Trails wayside marker for the Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm is north of Strasburg, Virginia.


The marker is just a few feet from the Trenches on Hupp's Hill historical marker.


Location and Directions

The marker is on the west side of the Valley Pike (U.S. 11) at the entrance to the Hupp's Hill Civl War Park (formerly Crystal Caverns), about 0.9 mile north of Strasburg, Virginia and 1 mile south of the Interstate 81 interchange. (38.9991° N, 78.34879° W. see map)


Text from the marker:


The Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm
— 1864 Valley Campaign —


During mid-October 1864, Union Gen. Philip Sheridan's army was camped along the north bank of Cedar Creek, confident his Valley campaign had successfully ended following smashing victories at Winchester, Fishers Hill and Toms Brook.


But the Confederates weren't finished yet. Gen. Jubal A. Early and his entire Confederate army had followed. On October 13, 1864, at about 10 a.m., Early and his staff reached the crest of Hupp's Hill where they could plainly see the camps of Col. Joseph Thoburn's Division of Gen. George Crook's 8th Federal Corps in the fields to the east across Cedar Creek. As the Confederates were making notes about the Federal position, Early's artillery reached the summit of Hupp's Hill where it unlimbered and began firing into the Federal camps. Crook immediately dispatched two brigades, commanded by Cols. George D. Wells and Thomas M. Harris, to deal with the supposed Confederate demonstration. Just after passing the home of the pioneer George Bowman, Wells' and Harris' brigades became separated by a wooded ridge directly in their line of march.


As the Federals advanced, so did the Confederates. Gen. John Gordon's division took position west of the Valley Pike facing north as Gen. James Conner brought his Confederates across the hill on the east side of the Pike.


Soon Harris became aware that he was faced by an overwhelming force. He decided to retire and dispatched a courier to inform Wells of his decision. The message never reached Wells' brigade, which by this time was struggling through thick underbrush 400 yards to the south.


As Wells' men neared the hilltop, they made for the cover provided by a low stone wall and opened fire against Conner's advancing Confederates. The first volley shattered Conner's knee. Very soon, the superior Confederate force overlapped the flanks of Wells' isolated brigade pinned along the wall, forcing Wells to rethink his position. Just after Wells gave the order to retreat, a Confederate minnie ball struck him in the chest and he slid to the ground. He died as he was being removed from the field.


Federal losses were 22 killed, 110 wounded and 77 captured. Confederate losses were reported as 22 killed and 160 wounded.


This "right smart little fight" made Sheridan aware of renewed Confederate presence. Nevertheless, Early was able to mount a well-conceived and coordinated surprise attack that temporarily routed the Federal army during the Battle of Cedar Creek six days later. A Union counterattack late in the day wiped out Confederate gains and handed Sheridan another decisive victory.

Historical marker for the Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm north of Strasburg , Virginia.
(above) Wayside marker for the Battle of Hupp's Hill or Stickley's Farm north of Strasburg , Virginia.

Map of the Battle of Hupp's Hill from the wayside marker.
(above) Map of the Battle of Hupp's Hill from the marker.

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